TechSpace Knowledgebase
Search:     Advanced search
Browse by category:
Contact Us

How to Fix Hard Drive Problems with Chkdsk in Windows 7, 8, and 10

Views: 415
Votes: 1
Posted: 28 Dec, 2016
by: Theeramanasin V.
Updated: 29 Dec, 2016
by: Theeramanasin V.

Any time you have hard drive errorsóor even strange behavior you might not at first associate with a hard driveóCheck Disk can be a lifesaver. Hereís a full guide to using the Check Disk tool that comes with every version of Windows.

What Chkdsk Does (and When to Use It)

The Check Disk utility, also known as chkdsk (since thatís the command you use to run it) scans through your entire hard drive to find and fix problems. Itís not a terribly exciting toolóand running it can take some timeóbut it can really help prevent bigger problems and loss of data in the long run. Chkdsk performs a couple of functions, depending on how itís run:

  • Chkdskís basic function is to scan the integrity of the file system and file system metadata on a disk volume and fix any logical file system errors that it finds. Such errors might include corrupt entries in a volumeís master file table (MFT), bad security descriptors associated with files, or even misaligned time stamp or file size information about individual files.
  • Chkdsk can also optionally scan every sector on a disk volume looking for bad sectors. Bad sectors come in two forms: soft bad sectors, that can occur when data is written badly, and hard bad sectors that can occur because of physical damage to the disk. Chkdsk attempts to fix these problems by repairing soft bad sectors, and marking hard bad sectors so they wonít be used again.

That may all sound very technical, but donít worry: you donít need to understand the ins and outs of how it works to know when you should run it.

We recommend running chkdsk every few months as part of routine maintenance along with using a S.M.A.R.T. tool for drives that support it. You should also consider running it any time Windows has shut down abnormallyósuch as after a power loss or system crash. Sometimes Windows will automatically run a scan during startup, but most often youíll have to do it yourself. Even if youíre just having strange problems with apps not loading or crashing that you havenít been able to resolve another way, you might consider checking the disk.

For example: I once had a problem where Outlook suddenly started crashing on me shortly after loading. After a lot of troubleshooting, a chkdsk scan revealed I had bad sectors where my Outlook data file was stored. Fortunately, chkdsk was able to recover the sectors in my case, and everything went back to normal afterward.

Others in this Category
document How to clear your download history
document How to change your screen resolution
document How to ping test in Windows 10
document How to ping test in Windows XP
document How to ping test in Windows 7 and Vista
document How to ping test in Windows 8
document Enable Hyper-V on Windows 8.1
document Enable Built-in Administrator Account in Windows
document Disable Built-in Administrator Account
document Turning Off BitLocker Drive Encryption (Windows 7)
document Uninstalling SP1 using Programs and Features
document Uninstalling SP1 using the Command Prompt
document Installing SP1 using an installation DVD
document Disable Office updates on Windows 8.1 or Windows 7
document Disable Office 2016/2013 updates on Windows 10
document Disable Office 365 updates
document How to fix ‚ÄúThe User Profile Service failed the logon. User profile cannot be loaded‚ÄĚ
document Connect your computer to a domain on Windows 7
document Getting To Safe Mode From Within Windows 8 or 10
document How to repair Office 2010/2013
document How to printing a Test Page in Windows 7.
document How to disable Windows 8.1 Startup Programs.
document How to remove apps and programs Windows.
document How To Enable Windows Defender On Windows 8/Windows 8.1
document How to export an Outlook 2010 .pst fil
document How to change, add, or remove a drive letter
document Create and format a new partition (volume)
document Reset Windows Activation/Remove license key
document How to restore a Windows 8 laptop or PC to factory default settings
document How to insert a Pivot Table
document How to Change / Set a Password in Windows 10
document Create a local user account in Windows 10
document Change a display language
document Change the keyboard layout or other method you use to type
document Change your display language in Windows 8
document "The command cannot be performed" error message when you double-click to open a document in Word 2007 or in Word 2003
document How to Recover Software Product Keys From Any Computer, Even a Broken One
document How to Customize the Taskbar in Windows 10
document How to Create a Guest Account in Windows 10
document How to Disable Driver Signature Verification on 64-Bit Windows 8 or 10 (So That You Can Install Unsigned Drivers)
document How to Delete a User Account in Windows 7, 8, or 10
document How to Remove Local User Accounts From the Login Screen in Windows
document How to Disable the Lock Workstation Functionality (Window+L) in Windows
document How to Install Windows on a Chromebook
document How to Change the Default Control Panel View in Windows
document How to Change the Default Quiet Hours in Windows 10
document How to Stop Aero Shake from Minimizing Your Windows
document How Secure Boot Works on Windows 8 and 10, and What It Means for Linux
document How to Hide Items from the Control Panel in Windows
document How to Clear Your Internet Explorer Browsing History
document How to Enable the Status Bar and Word Wrap at the Same Time in Notepad
document How to Reset Notepad to Its Default Settings on Windows
document How to Use Sticky Notes on Windows 10
document How to Batch Rename Multiple Files in Windows
document How to Disable Access to the Windows Registry
document 15 Things You Can Do With Cortana on Windows 10.
document How to create a Windows 10 installer USB drive from a Mac.
document How to Change Folder Icon Color in Windows.
document How to Recover Administrator Password in Windows 10, Windows 8 and Windows 7.
document How to Bypass Windows 10 / 8 / 7 Local Administrator Password.
document Do you know the use of Function Keys (F1 to F12)?
document How To Block Or Unblock USB Drives In Windows
document How to make a full backup of your Windows 10 PC



RSS